Drug addiction is a disease that causes long term changes in the brain that's characterized by an uncontrollable urge to seek out and use drugs despite knowledge of all the harmful consequences. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Drug compulsion is likewise a backsliding illness. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
Addiction starts when the decision to take drugs is first made. With time, the user is unable to stop voluntarily the need to use the drug. Seeking out and using drugs becomes an obsession. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. The portion of the human brain that controls human behaviour, learning and memory, and reward and motivation are negatively influenced by addiction.
Addiction is a sickness that influences both the mind and conduct.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It can, however it is hard. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. Most users require repeated or long-term care to quit using it altogether and get their lives back.
Dependency treatment must assist the individual to achieve the following:
desist from drug use
abstain from drugs
Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community
Essentials Of Successful Treatment
Ongoing scientific research since the 1970s has shown that the following basic principles should be the basis of any effective course of treatment:
Dependence is a complex yet treatable sickness that influences brain capacity and behaviour.
There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
Treatment should be made available to people whenever they need it.
Successful treatment looks at all the needs of the patient, not simply his/her substance use.
It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
The prevalently applied types of treatment include counselling and some other therapies that centre on behaviours.
Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
To make sure the user's most current requirements are met, there is a need for continuous evaluations and adjustments to the treatment regime.
Treatment ought to address other conceivable mental problems.
The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Rewarding treatment has a few stages:
Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
Making sure that coexisting mental health issues like depression or anxiety are evaluated and treated
long haul follow-up to forestall backslide
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
Depending on the level of need, mental health services should be added to the medical aspect of any treatment. The follow-up can compromise family- or community-based recovery support systems.
How Are Medications Used In Drug Addiction Treatment?
Medication can be employed to deal with withdrawal symptoms, treat co-occurring conditions and prevent a relapse.
Withdrawal Medicines help in decreasing withdrawal side effects amidst detoxification. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. A patient who does not get any additional treatment after completing a detox generally continue their substance use. As revealed by a study of treatment facilities, 80% of the cases of detoxification involved medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing Relapse Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Scientists are busy to develop other medications to treat cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (methamphetamine and cocaine) dependency. Treatment for every substance they have ever abused will be necessary for those that use multiple drugs.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Behavioural therapies assist a patient to:
change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
continue receiving medication and other types of treatment
Treatment is available to patients in many different types of locations which use various methods.
In an outpatient treatment programme, the recovering addict attends therapy sessions on appointed times. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.
These projects normally offer types of behavioural treatment, for example,
Cognitive behavioural therapy, which teaches patients how to recognize, avoid, and deal with any situation that will make them more likely to use drugs
multidimensional family therapy-devised for teenagers with substance dependency issues as well as their families-which looks at a series of influences on their substance abuse patterns and is created to better family functioning in general
Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
Motivational incentives, which uses positive reinforcement to encourage continued abstinence
sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
For people with problems of high severity (plus co-occurring disorders), residential or inpatient programs will have better effects. Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
Some examples of inpatient treatment environments are:
Therapeutic communities where patients are domiciled in a residence mostly for 6 to 12 months, undergoing programs that are streamlined. The whole community, everyone from the staff to the patients in recovery, act as agents of change, helping to change every patient's attitude, understanding, and behaviour toward drug use.
Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
Recuperation lodging gives regulated, brief-span housing for patients, regularly taking after different sorts of inpatient or residential management. The recovery housing programme provides a bridge for the patients between the long term inpatient facility and re-joining the society; patients are helped to prepare for life on the outside by enabling them to look for jobs and learn how to take care and budget their money.
Coping With Joining The Community
The excessive urge to take drugs could be "triggered" by several factors within the brain, as the workings of the brain is altered by drug abuse. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.